Eleusine coracana, the generic name of Ragi. The common name finger millet is derived from the finger like branching of the panicle. Eleusine indica is considered to be the immediate ancestor of the cultivated form Eleusine coracana. According to De Candolle (1886) finger millet probably originated in India as many of the forms exists in this country. According to Vavilov (1951) and Mehra (1962) considered Eleusine coracana to be of African origin and suggested earlier migration of this crop from Africa to India by way of Soboean lane.
The crop can be grown from sea level up to an altitude of 1800 meters. Finger millet is extensively cultivated in India, Africa, Ceylon, Malaysia, China and Japan. In India it is cultivated over an area of 2.65 million ha with total production of about 2.9 million tones. It is widely grown in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Bihar, Gujarat and Maharashtra and in the hilly regions of Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh. It is also good for pregnant women, and is considered as mutative food for adults of different ages. It is rich in Ca, P and Fe.
Ragi for diabetes: The slowing digestion process helps in controlling blood sugar level in condition of diabetes.
Rich in Calcium : Calcium along with vitamin D helps to strengthen bones. Thus helps to keep bone problems at bay and could reduce risk of fractures too.
High fiber content: he amino acids Lecithin and Methionine help in decreasing the cholesterol levels of your body by getting rid of the excess fat in the liver.
Helps in weight loss: Ragi contains an amino acid, Tryptophan which lowers appetite.